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DESH - Why is it relevant?

In area of education it is a long journey for India since independence. The literacy rate grew from 18.33% in 1951 to 74.04% in 2011.  This is even more significant when you consider the population grown from 36 to 121 Crore (more than 3.5 times) during the same period. With Right To Education (RTE) Act, 2009  education is fundamental right of to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years. Human Resource Development (MHRD) is Rs 65,867 Crore, a 17% increase from the last budget.

But the following facts inspired us with DESH to indicates there is long road ahead of us.
  • In 2010 nationally, 46.3% of all children in Std. V could not read a Std. II level text. This proportion increased to 51.8% in 2011 and further to 53.2% in 2012. 
  • In 2010, of all children enrolled in Std. V, 29.1% could not solve simple two-digit subtraction problems with borrowing. This proportion increased to 39% in 2011 and further to 46.5% in 2012.
  • The proportion of children relying on private tuition has gone up (64% in 2008-09 from 57% in 2001-02 for the students of standard primary schools).  A study in 2009 by SCERT  has revealed in West Bengal students from classes IV (71.17%), VII (86.56%), IX (90.91%) and XI (93.35%) take private tuition.
  • The percentage of 6 to 14 year olds enrolled in rural private schools rose from 18.7% in 2006 to 25.6% in 2011. Since 2009, private school enrollment in rural areas has been rising at an annual rate of about 10%. If this trend continues, by 2018 India will have 50% children in rural areas enrolled in private schools. 
  • A report  released by The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation  indicates in 2009-10 that the education expenses is increasing and 4.23% and 8.74% of total yearly household expenditure per person respectively in rural and urban India.